By Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur
Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the educational disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences extra largely. He has engaged in coverage discussion and public debate, advancing the reason for a human improvement concentrated coverage time table, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the bad, and for plurality in cultural viewpoint. it's not astounding that he has gained the top awards, starting from the Nobel Prize in Economics to the Bharat Ratna, India's optimum civilian honor. This public acceptance has long gone hand in hand with the love and admiration that Amartya's neighbors and scholars carry for him. This quantity of essays, written in honor of his seventy fifth birthday by way of his scholars and friends, covers the diversity of contributions that Sen has made to wisdom. they're written through a number of the world's major economists, philosophers and social scientists, and tackle themes similar to ethics, welfare economics, poverty, gender, human improvement, society and politics. the second one quantity covers the subjects of Human improvement and services; Gender and family; progress, Poverty and coverage; and Society, Politics and historical past. it's a becoming tribute to Sen's personal contributions to the discourse on Society, associations and Development.Contributors contain: Bina Agarwal, Isher Ahluwalia, Montek S Ahluwalia, Ingela Alger, Muhammad Asali, Amiya Kumar Bagchi, Pranab Bardhan, Lourdes Bener?a, Sugata Bose, Lincoln C. Chen, Martha modify Chen, Kanchan Chopra, Simon Dietz, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Jonathan Glover, Cameron Hepburn, Jane Humphries, Rizwanul Islam, Ayesha Jalal, Mary Kaldor, Sunil Khilnani, Stephan Klasen, Jocelyn Kynch, Enrica Chiappero Martinetti, Kirsty McNay, Martha C. Nussbaum, Elinor Ostrom, Gustav Ranis, Sanjay G. Reddy, Emma Samman, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, and J?rgen W. Weibull.
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Additional resources for Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement
G. Sen 1982). 12 He needed to make one methodological innovation for this broadening to be possible: deﬁning the state of aﬀairs to be evaluated as the comprehensive outcome, as distinct from the culmination outcome. The comprehensive outcome describes not only what happened, but also how it happened and who made it happen. With this innovation, Sen’s freedom-based consequential evaluation can proceed without being encumbered by the inadequacies of consequentialism that philosophers have identiﬁed in their critiques of utilitarianism.
Capability, it may be recalled, is deﬁned as the set of all possible functioning vectors open to an individual, where each functioning vector has several dimensions corresponding to the various “doings” and “beings” a person has reason to value. Aggregation will thus be required over many aspects of well-being. Secondly, diﬀerent individuals may have diﬀerent systems of valuation, or what Rawls calls “comprehensive doctrines of the good”. In that case, if we are to arrive at a social as distinct from an individual evaluation of a state of aﬀairs, and if that evaluation has to respect plurality of values, then aggregation will be required across individual valuations as well.
At any point in time, an individual may have multiple values which may conﬂict with each other, generating diﬀerent preference orderings over the same state of aﬀairs. The values may also change over time— either because of external inﬂuences or because of continued introspection, or even because people may choose to cultivate new preferences. The second broad theme states that incompleteness of preference orderings (both at individual and societal levels) must be accepted, not as an unfortunate consequence of irreconcilable values but as a positive attribute of a valuation system that celebrates the existence of diversity (Sen 1970a, 1997, 2004b).
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement by Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur