By William Lyons

ISBN-10: 0198235267

ISBN-13: 9780198235262

Techniques to Intentionality is an authoritative and obtainable account of an issue critical to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first provides a serious survey of the present debate concerning the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to provide an unique new thought. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and full of life variety.

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Norton 1996: 340–5. 3. Four Ways Out for the Aristotelian If the Dispensability Thesis is true, then Galileo’s thought experiment should be replaceable by some non-thought-experimental argument without loss of demonstrative force. 13 I begin my case by pointing out that there are a number of “ways out” for the defender of the view that natural speed is directly correlated with weight—a view which, for the sake of convenience, I will call the Aristotelian view. These ways out involve denying premises (1) and (2) by proposing a series of alternative hypotheses about the physical properties of strapped-bodies, that is, bodies of the sort described by the thought experiment.

My goal in this paper is to challenge this view by carefully examining one of the most famous thought experiments in the history of science: that by which Galileo is said to have refuted the Aristotelian theory that heavier bodies fall faster than lighter ones. I will try to show that the thought-experimental format of Galileo’s presentation plays an indispensable role in the persuasiveness of his case against the Aristotelian, and that a similar degree of persuasiveness could not be obtained on the grounds of explicit argument alone.

19 Would we then be justified in accepting the deeper methodological claim put forth in the Derivativity Thesis: that the justificatory force of whatever beliefs I hold via thought experiment is a function of the thought experiment’s argumentational essence? 2 Rejecting the Positive Argument: What Makes these Beliefs New? The Derivativity Thesis says that the justificatory force of any good scientific thought experiment can only be explained by the fact that it can be replaced, without loss of demonstrative force, by a non-thought-experimental argument.

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Approaches to Intentionality by William Lyons

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