By Jacky Turner
The choice of whilst, how, how frequently and with whom an animal breeds is relocating quickly clear of evolutionary pressures and in the direction of human reasons: those comprise the breeding of round 50 billion mammals and birds for nutrients creation each year, the breeding of pedigree canine and cats, racing canines and horses, specialized laboratory animal traces and using reproductive technological know-how to preserve endangered species or breeds and to restrict undesirable populations of pests and non-native species. however the ethics and sustainability of this takeover of animals' reproductive lives were insufficiently tested by way of both pros or the general public. This booklet discusses the equipment, the motivations and the results of human intervention in animal breeding when it comes to animal well-being, behaviour and health. It explores the place we're now and the alternatives forward, and appears to a destiny the place we now have extra admire for animals as sentient beings and the place shall we loosen the reins of reproductive keep watch over.
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Extra resources for Animal Breeding, Welfare and Society
P. br 53 Arango, J. ’, Poultry World, June 2009, p30 54 Webster, J. (2005) Animal Welfare: Limping towards Eden, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK 55 Broom, D. M. and Fraser, A. F. (2007) Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare, fourth edition, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK 56 See discussion in Farm Animal Welfare Council (2009) Farm Animal Welfare in Great Britain: Past, Present and Future, Farm Animal Welfare Council 57 Fraser, D. htm; Phillips, C. J. C. ’1 Thus, commercial suppliers of livestock genetics promise that their animals are designed for traits that will strengthen the bottom line of the purchaser’s business.
De Roos, S. P. W. and Veerkamp, R. F. (2009) ‘Estimating genomic breeding values from the QTL–MAS workshop data using a single SNP and haplotype/IBD approach’, BMC Proceedings, vol 3, supplement 1, pS10; Macciotta, N. P. P. br 53 Arango, J. ’, Poultry World, June 2009, p30 54 Webster, J. (2005) Animal Welfare: Limping towards Eden, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK 55 Broom, D. M. and Fraser, A. F. (2007) Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare, fourth edition, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK 56 See discussion in Farm Animal Welfare Council (2009) Farm Animal Welfare in Great Britain: Past, Present and Future, Farm Animal Welfare Council 57 Fraser, D.
1 Artificial insemination (AI) procedures Artificial insemination of cows can be carried out by a veterinarian, a trained technician or a farmer doing ‘DIY-AI’. The procedure involves the operator inserting an arm into the animal’s rectum to grasp the cervix and guide the insemination tube through it. This is considered a routine procedure carried out on millions of dairy cows annually, but it is probably not comfortable for the cow and has the potential to cause long-term damage if done inexpertly.
Animal Breeding, Welfare and Society by Jacky Turner