By Sergio Franco
This textbook is meant for EE majors envisioning business careers in analog electronics. Analog integrated-circuit (IC) designers, product, technique, and reliability engineers, try out and test-development engineers, analog functions, advertising, and customer-support engineers are constantly in powerful call for.
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Extra info for Analog Circuit Design: Discrete & Integrated
Past this limit, electron and hole velocities saturate at approximately 107 cm/s. Aptly called velocity saturation, this phenomenon sets an upper limit on the speed of operation of semiconductor devices such as MOSFETs. 38 illustrates the most basic steps involved in the fabrication of the pn junction diode, a semiconductor device at the basis of most other integrated-circuit (IC) devices. Starting out with a lightly doped n-type slab, such as ND 5 1015/cm3, a localized boron diffusion is made to create a p-type region.
43. 44 3 1015/cm3! However, this is still less than the majority concentration there (1016/cm3), thus confirming low-level injection. 44 3 1013/cm3. This too is quite a number, yet it is much less than the majority concentration there (1018/cm3), again indicating low-level injection. 7 The pn Diode Equation Excess Minority Concentrations It is apparent that forward biasing the pn junction establishes an excess of minority carriers at both edges of the SCL. The excess concentrations are p9n(xn) 5 pn(xn) 2 pn0 at the right edge, and n9p(2xp) 5 np(2xp) 2 np0 at the left edge.
65 V. Assume Dp 5 10 cm2/s, Lp 5 5 m, Dn 5 7 cm2/s, and Ln 5 10 m. Comment on your results. 65 V. Solution (a) Inserting the given data into Eq. 43 fA ) As expected of a one-sided junction such as the present one, Is is determined primarily by one term, namely, the first term, representing hole injection. Electron injection into the heavily-doped p-side has little say in this case. Finally, we use Eq. 324 3 1024 cm2. This requires a square area of about (57 m) 3 (57 m). Short-Base Diodes In the diode example of Fig.
Analog Circuit Design: Discrete & Integrated by Sergio Franco