By Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk
This ebook offers significant demanding situations and possibilities dealing with agriculture sectors within the wake of the transition from a deliberate to industry economic climate. utilizing Albania as a case research, it examines the shift from communism to loose markets and the lasting results of such switch on agricultural creation and schooling. utilizing basic study resources to offer readers a correct portrayal of the trail that lies forward for lots of constructing nations, the e-book additionally appears on the way forward for agriculture in transitioning economies.
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Extra info for Agricultural markets in a transitioning economy : an Albanian case study
According Cungu and Swinnen (1999), Albanian institutions elected to speed up agriculture privatization because of the high percentage of the rural (65%) to the total population and the high contribution (more than 35%) of agriculture to gross domestic product (GDP). 8% in the period 1996–2001. As clearly shown in Fig. 2 above, Albanian GAO and ALP grew faster than those of other Balkan countries during the same time span. Other countries did not totally reverse the collectivization heritage of the communist regime.
Differently from those villages which distributed the land based on per capita distribution and quality categories without reference to the pre-1945 land family location. In some of these areas, a mixed approach was used, distributing the land per capita but respecting pre-collectivization boundaries (Kodderitzsch, 1999). Thus, since these communities did not implement the reform according to the Law No. 7501, which obliged the village to distribute the land based on per capita distribution of the land and quality categories without reference to the pre-1945 land family location, the state doesn’t allow land holders the right to sell or use the land for collateral.
The process is still unsolved, giving both the former and new owners a sense of low credibility vis-à-vis the deliverance of government policies. Recently, the government has been drafting another strategy for the enforcement of land rights and the accomplishment of compensation to the pre-1945 land owners in kind or in money. The process of land distribution progressed quickly in the first 3 years, covering 24 E. Zhllima and F. 5% (430,155 ha) of the cooperative land and 79% (114,560 ha) of the state farm land.
Agricultural markets in a transitioning economy : an Albanian case study by Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk