By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, used to be probably the most very important Polish writers of the 20 th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he was once defined through Milan Kundera as “one of the good novelists of our century” and by way of John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the overdue moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive through the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France educating philosophy; this ebook is a chain of reflections in line with his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem packed with sardonic wit, excellent insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
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Additional info for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
While a cathedral façade shows these forces in action, since the columns resist and the capitals press down. We see the struggle between weight and resistance. He also explains to us why a twisted (curved) column does not satisfy us. Quite simply because it does not resist enough. In the same way, a rounded column is better than a square column. All this to tell you how Schopenhauer sees ART. It is meditation that he sets in opposition to life. He also deals with sculptureand says that the beauty of man derives from a priorianticipation based on experience.
Moreover, science sees man from the outside, as one object among others. The difference between the appendix operation from the point of view of the physician, who treats the patient as a mechanism, and the point of view of the patient. For the patient, this operation is lived. It is subjective, and it must be undergone by him and by no one else. There is another thing: in the past, we felt subject to causality while the future seemed to depend on ourselves. This is why Heidegger said that existential time is the future.
Each thesis finds its antithesis at a higher degree. This synthesis appears anew as a thesis and finds its antinomy, etc. Thus this is a law of development based on contradiction. According to Hegel, our mind is based on this contradiction because it is imperfect, because it knows reality only partially. Thus its judgments are imperfect. Hegel discovers this contradiction in the very foundation of the mind; for example, when we say all, we must accept the singular. When we imagine something black, we must also think of another colorbecause the very idea of color is an opposition between it and all the other colors.
A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes by Witold Gombrowicz