By A. P. Martinich, E. David Sosa

ISBN-10: 0631214151

ISBN-13: 9780631214151

A significant other to Analytic Philosophy is a entire consultant to many major analytic philosophers and ideas of the final hundred years.

  • Provides a complete consultant to some of the most vital analytic philosophers of the final 100 years.
  • Offers transparent and wide research of profound options resembling fact, goodness, wisdom, and wonder.
  • Written through probably the most unique philosophers alive, a few of whom have entries within the ebook dedicated to them.

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Sample text

The problem is that A proposition, in fact, is essentially a unity, and when analysis has destroyed the unity, no enumeration of constituents will restore the proposition. (1903: 50) The point raised here is one that was to come back to plague him. In The Principles of Mathematics Russell, having identified it, simply sets it aside for further treatment. This is disappointing, for here there is a straightforward challenge to the Moore–Russell conception of a proposition as a “complex whole” comprised of its elementary constituents.

In his abandoned 1913 manuscript “Theory of Knowledge” he appreciates the need for some deeper theory, but remarks, “In the present chaotic state of knowledge concerning the primitive ideas of logic, it is impossible to pursue this topic further” (Papers, 7: 99). This is a surprising remark in the light of all Russell’s work on logic. But there is no doubt that he had found the experience of coping with his contradiction a chastening experience, which had taught him that even in logic there are no simple answers, and thus that only “patience and modesty, here as in other sciences, will open the road to solid and durable progress” (Papers, 8: 73).

It was therefore by calling this presumption into question that Russell made his break with idealism. The key to this was his affirmation of the independent reality of relations, which he proposed in his 1899 paper “The Classification of Relations” (see Papers, 2). Once this move was made, the alleged “contradiction of relativity” is dissipated and Russell was free to approach the issues raised by the continuity of space and time afresh. Although Russell’s papers from this period show him finding his own way to this anti-idealist thesis, he always acknowledged the decisive importance of G.

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A Companion to Analytic Philosophy by A. P. Martinich, E. David Sosa

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